Welcome to the Teterboro Users Group (TUG) website, a single source for all of Teterboro Airport’s users to find helpful information pertaining to airport operations and procedures, businesses on the field and their services, TUG meetings and initiatives, and associated meeting notes and presentations from our speakers. As we continue to develop this site, please check back frequently for updates and new features. As always, we value your input and welcome your participation.
NBAA: President Should Ditch Latest Aviation User Fee Attempt
Washington, DC, March 4, 2014 – The National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) today said the latest attempt from the White House to impose a per-flight user fee on general aviation ignores the message sent from Congress, mayors, governors and industry stakeholders that user fees are not the right approach to aviation system funding and modernization.
Per-flight user fees are a part of President Obama’s fiscal year 2015 spending proposal, released today, which sets budgets for government agencies. Specifically, the page numbered “957” at the link below states: “…the Administration proposes to establish a new surcharge for air traffic services of $100 per flight.”
Although the general aviation community has been unified in opposing user fees for decades, the president has continually supported the fees, calling for them first in 2010 as part of his annual budget outline.
Bolen noted that the White House has continually set aside the reality that the general aviation community pays for its use of the aviation system through the proven, efficient fuel tax. He added that, as with previous user fee proposals from the White House, this one should be taken seriously – but that, as in the past, the key to stopping proposals the industry opposes is for people to mobilize and call upon Congress and other elected officials to take action.
Bolen added that congressional lawmakers have opposed user fees like those suggested by the president in previous annual spending proposals. Most recently – in anticipation of the release of the president’s budget today – four key congressmen sent a letter to again ask the president to refrain from seeking the new fees. The letter was welcomed by NBAA and other aviation stakeholders. Read the letter from the four congressmen in its entirety.
“NBAA will continue to work to defeat user fees and support the aviation fuel tax mechanism as the most effective way for us to contribute to the system,” Bolen said today. “I know that if our business aviation community continues to let Congress and our state and local officials know of our concerns, we will be able to continue ensuring that our unified voice is heard.”
Dr. Carol Ash to Deliver Sleep Science/Fatigue Management Presentation at March 19 TUG Meeting
Carol Ash, M.D., Director of Sleep Medicine at Meridian Health, will present the latest findings in Sleep Science/Fatigue Management at our March 19 TUG Meeting. Her presentation is a “Must” for business aviation professionals, who must often function on the back side of the clock or while transiting multiple time zones. Please join us for this important, fascinating and practical program.
Carol Ash, DO, is a board-certified general internist, fellowship-trained pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine specialist with more than 15 years’ experience in clinical medicine. Currently, Dr. Ash is the director of Sleep Medicine at Meridian Health in New Jersey.
A graduate of Seton Hall University and the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ), Dr. Ash has been a featured speaker at a NASA-sponsored convention about countering fatigue in aviation and has presented a similar program before the National Business Aviation Association (NBAA), and has lectured for various corporate aviation audiences including engagements at International Operators Convention (IOC) and Corporate Aviation Safety Stand-down (CASS).
ILS 19 GS Perturbation – Action Items – February 18, 2014
TUG participated today in a telcon hosted by FAA NY Area Program Integration Office (NYAPIO) Executive Officer Kathy Moclair-Shea and including representatives from various FAA branches, KTEB ATCT and NBAA. As you are all aware, numerous crews cleared to fly the ILS 19 have experienced premature and erroneous GS capture resulting in Flight Director/Autopilot commands to climb above 2000′, potentially leading to a loss of separation from overhead KEWR ILS 22L arrivals. We’ve highlighted this issue during our TUG Meetings, to include a presentation by Al Pence of FAA Tech Ops, and currently feature an article on our website (Operations tab). At the most recent Business Aviation Forum, we raised the issue and requested that a note be added to the approach plate to raise pilot awareness. Kathy graciously followed up by organizing today’s telcon. While there is general recognition of the safety sensitive nature of the problem, numerous regulatory and jurisdictional challenges may limit our options. Nevertheless, action items resulting from today’s call include exploration of the issuance of a D-NOTAM, addition of a note to the Airport Facilities Directory, issuance of a FAAST Blast, and addition of a note to the approach plate. We can also seek to recruit the assistance of the Flight Training Providers, as this important issue affects users throughout the NAS. We’ll continue to pursue solutions, and will update you all on our progress. In the meantime, if anyone has additional suggestions, please forward them along via the “Contact Us” link located in the upper right corner of our website.
FAA issues InFO describing modification to “Climb Via” and “Descend Via” Phraseology, effective April 3, 2014
TUG 2013: The Year in Review and the Year to Follow
Your support of the Teterboro Users Group has enabled us to make tremendous strides during 2013. We’ve developed a vibrant website, implemented online membership application via PayPal/credit card, enabled online email subscription and hosted interesting and valuable TUG Meeting programs. Featured speakers have represented a veritable Who’s Who amongst business aviation industry leaders, advocacy groups, regulatory agencies and airport administration agencies:
- FAA NYARTCC Air Traffic Manager Mike Golden and Traffic Management Officer Bill Ruggierro
- FAA Manager of Tactical Operations Leo Prusak
- TEB ATCT Manager Gary Palm and Staff Specialist Larry Brady
- FAA Tech Ops Specialist Al Pence
- PANYNJ Airport Manager Renee Spann and Manager of Airport Operations and Security Pam PhillipsPANYNJ Delay Reduction Program Manager Ralph Tamburro
- AvPORTS Manager of Airport Operations John Kastens
- Dassault Falcon Director of Technical Programs Woody Saland
- BridgeNet International VP Aviation Operations Pete Elmore
- Scott International Procedures President Sean Scott
- Honeywell GDC Sales Manager James Buckner
- Aeronautical Data Systems (ADS) President Jim Stabile
- EVAS/Vision Safe Sales Manager Kurt Porucks
- President of CAVU Companies/EFB Pro Jim Deuvall
- NBAA Regional Representative Dean Saucier and Assistant Manager Air Traffic Services Dean Snell
We’ve engaged in advocacy by actively participating in the Business Aviation Forum, and strengthened relationships with FAA ATC, PANYNJ and the other NY/NJ Metroplex users groups. We’ve discovered, publicized and are working with the FAA to raise awareness of an ILS 19 GS perturbation that can cause altitude excursions for arriving aircraft when taxiing aircraft cross through the ILS critical area northeast bound on taxiway G. And we continue to educate the pilot community about the provisions and benefits of Teterboro’s unique arrival and departure procedures, to include the Dalton Two Departure. We also continue to play an active role in the 2014 Super Bowl Planning Committee. In the area of community relations, we’ve supported the Teterboro Airport Community Benefit Fund and the NJ Aviation Hall of Fame and Museum.
We’re gratified that our efforts have been well-received, as TUG and meeting membership are up. And we plan to build on these successes in 2014. Our first meeting of 2014 to be held on January 15 will feature a Runway Safety Action Team (RSAT) presentation from TEB ATCT Manager Gary Palm, followed by featured speaker Mark Thelens, co-founder of Aircraft Performance Group (APG). Mark will address the technical and regulatory foundation used to generate runway analysis results so that users can properly interpret the information.
With your support, Teterboro remains the world’s premier business aviation airport. Please consider joining as a paid member in 2014.
FAA Delays Sleep-Apnea Policy Pending Industry Input
Dec. 19, 2013 – The National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) today welcomed the decision by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to delay its plans for implementing a controversial new policy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening for pilots until the agency has had an opportunity to hear from industry stakeholders on the matter.
“We have learned that, shortly after the new year gets underway, the FAA will bring together organizations, including NBAA, to discuss the sleep apnea issue, and hear the significant concerns we have with the agency’s plans,” said NBAA President and CEO Ed Bolen. “We think that’s an appropriate step, because in business aviation, flying is often how a person makes a living, and the agency’s screening plans would have a significant impact on many of those professionals. The FAA needs to hear our concerns, and we look forward to sharing them directly with the agency.”
In November, Federal Air Surgeon Dr. Frederick Tilton announced in a newsletter his plans for “releasing shortly” a policy requiring that pilots with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater undergo OSA screening prior to receiving a medical certificate.
Shortly after Tilton’s announcement, it was revealed that the agency would require pilots to bear the significant costs of getting tested for OSA (as much as $5,000, according to some sources), and obtaining the requisite equipment to treat the condition, if necessary. The FAA has suggested that this policy would eventually apply to additional pilots, regardless of the class of medical certificate, or the type of operation in which the pilot flies.
Within weeks after the FAA’s announcement, House Aviation Subcommittee Chairman Frank LoBiondo (R-2-NJ) introduced a bill (H.R.3578), which would compel the FAA to consult with industry through the established rulemaking process before issuing any OSA requirement. NBAA welcomed that legislation, and detailed the industry’s concerns about the FAA’s OSA-screening plans in a Dec. 3 letter Bolen sent to the full House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee. Read NBAA’s letter to the House Transportation Committee regarding the FAA’s planned OSA policy.
On Dec. 4, the committee approved LoBiondo’s bill, and it now awaits consideration by the full House of Representatives. Following the committee’s passage of the legislation, Bolen said: “We thank the co-sponsors of H.R.3578, and all the members of the full committee, for their prompt, bipartisan action on this matter, and we look forward to prompt passage of the bill by the full House. As the FAA considers unilateral implementation of a policy of this magnitude, the proposal should be subject to transparency, in part through commentary from affected parties, as well as analysis of its data-driven justification, costs, benefits and other important criteria.”
In recent weeks, NBAA has also encouraged Association members to utilize NBAA’s online Contact Congress resource, to make their voices heard on the FAA’s proposed policy change. Review the letter NBAA Members can send to their congressional representatives regarding the FAA’s planned OSA policy.
Review New Chinese ADIZ NOTAMs Prior to Flight
NBAA is advising Members with planned flights to China to review recent Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs), which address procedures for flying in that country’s newly defined Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ). There are numerous such zones in existence around the word, including those promulgated by the United States.
Chinese officials issued two recent NOTAMs (NOTAMR A1886/13 and NOTAM A1916/13) about that country’s ADIZ in conjunction with a Nov. 23 announcement of an intent to expand the zone to cover an area located over the East China Sea, approximately 100 miles due East of Shanghai.
The NOTAMs inform pilots of specific information to be provided in flight plans filed for missions that include passage through the zone – for example, aircraft flying through the zone should report flight plans to the Chinese authorities; aircraft must have markings that clearly identify nationality in accordance with international treaties; two-way communications must be established, and identification inquiries must be responded to in a timely manner, and; aircraft equipped with transponders must keep them operational.
NBAA representatives are in frequent contact with FAA officials, so that the Association can continually obtain all relevant information regarding the situation and provide it to NBAA Member Companies. To date, NBAA has not heard reports from Association Members of disruptions to normal operations or other types of challenges in the affected area. NBAA Members with questions regarding this matter can contact the Association’s Operation Services Group at email@example.com.
Camden Youth Aviation Program – Training Tomorrow’s Professionals
Sponsored by organizations and corporations such as AOPA, EAA, FAA, Edmund Scientific and Jeppesen — as well as numerous community organizations — the Camden Youth Aviation Program is dedicated to educating Camden youth who display an interest in aviation. The program offers local youth the opportunity to participate in exciting, fun and educational aviation programs and activities to help them to expand and improve their educational, personal, and career potentials.
Please see the PowerPoint presentation of the organization’s goals and activities, as well as the Wild Blue Wonders Ops Manual that utilizes Microsoft Flight Simulator to train students in flight operations.
For additional information, please contact:
AvPORTS Requests Flight Crew Participation in Teterboro Airport Noise Abatement Survey
Gabriel Andino, AvPORTS/Teterboro Airport Manager – Noise Abatement and Environmental Compliance, has developed a survey to get a sense of how flight crews obtain airport information and gauge the effectiveness of our noise abatement handbook and other materials. Pilots are encouraged to participate in the survey, which can be found at this link: http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/28BWVX5.
Teterboro Airport Proposes $250 Event Fee for Super Bowl 2014
The proposed fee applies to both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, and will be levied for each landing during the specified interval. For full details, click here to read Teterboro Airport Manager’s Bulletin #13-06.
Teterboro Airport Career Expo 2013 Postponed
The Teterboro Airport Career Expo scheduled for October 8th will be postponed until April of 2014. This was done to accommodate a number of invited high schools that are unable to attend, thus ensuring a successful and well-attended event. An exact date will be announced soon and we will follow-up with all registered exhibitors.
TUG Encourages Support for Flight Safety Foundation
A message from TUG President Dave Belastock
I’m privileged to serve as a member of the Flight Safety Foundation (FSF) Business Aviation Advisory Committee’s (BAC), and had the opportunity to participate on September 11 in the Committee’s Autumn Workshop. Like so many worthy enterprises, the Flight Safety Foundation finds itself at a crossroads: strained for resources and searching for financial support in a climate of tight budgets, and striving to reinvigorate enthusiasm and participation among our constituents in an ever-changing and complex operational and regulatory environment. Should you care, and is it worth the effort for you to be involved? YES, and YES!
As a young pilot, I learned that members of my community met and worked to shape every provision of my working life: wages, work rules, rest requirements, etc. Like so many of my colleagues, I agreed with some of the results, and passionately disagreed with others. We exchanged views and ideas in crew lounges and cockpits, and resigned ourselves to the status quo. When a vacancy arose on a participatory committee, I finally came to the following realization: why NOT me? Instead of sitting idly on the sidelines and grousing about what I didn’t like, why not pitch in and attempt to shape the future of my profession?
In so doing, I learned a great deal: (1) We’re all products of our experiences, and our different experiences lead to different and sometimes conflicting objectives; (2) We don’t operate in a vacuum, as the financial and regulatory constraints that we face can and do limit the pace and scope of what we can achieve; (3) These limitations may create the impression of stagnation, and brand those who choose to participate as “guys that like to have meetings and hear themselves talk.” Is it worth the time, trouble and effort? Once again, the answer is YES!
Aviation Safety is EVERYONE’S business, and most especially those of us who earn our living in aircraft cockpits and cabins! Since business aviation operations are so much more dynamic, flexible and challenging than the more structured airline model, we benefit by developing strategies and solutions that are tailored to our unique work environment. Our lives and livelihoods, are but one incident or accident from oblivion. Since none of us have a monopoly on ideas, we must ALL contribute in some measure, large or small, to the common good.
Many of you know the Flight Safety Foundation from television, as the organization’s president is often sought by media outlets to comment in the wake of an aviation incident or accident. Kevin Hiatt is our current president, and Bill Voss was his predecessor. You may also be aware of FSF guidelines regarding Fatigue Management, Approach and Landing Accident Reduction (ALAR), Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT), etc. But the Foundation also participates in National and International safety organizations and initiatives, holds and sponsors Safety Seminars, publishes AeroSafety World Magazine, etc. It’s activities are rooted in and push the envelope of aviation science. And it’s leaders, participants and members represent a Who’s Who of industry experts. The foundations activities have engendered the support of and/or participation from the airlines, business aviation community (NBAA), original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), regulatory agencies (FAA, EASA, etc.), scientific community (University of Southern California, Alertness Solutions, etc.) and safety organizations (NTSB). Current initiatives include emphasis on stabilized approaches, use of technology and automation, and pilot professionalism.
“So with all of this support and horsepower, why would I need to be involved? Haven’t they got it all covered?” In reverse order: no we don’t; and aviation safety is a team effort. The Flight Safety Foundation and the Business Aviation Advisory Committee are agents of change, and our success is dependent upon 3 complementary lines of activity: (1) At the grass roots level, we require input and participation in order to understand the issues, learn where to focus our efforts and gather experience, evidence and ideas; (2) In order to effectively develop appropriate solutions and address the many complex issues that we face, we require the active participation of industry-leading subject matter experts; and (3) At the advocacy level, we need support, negotiating leverage and access in order to advance our collective interests in shaping practices, policies and regulations.
“But, between work and family obligations, I’ve got a full plate. I don’t have the time or energy, so what can I do to help?” Please consider engaging in one or more of the following:
(1) Encourage your organization to join and participate in the Flight Safety Foundation.
(2) Volunteer to represent your organization by attending a FSF Safety Seminar or event.
(3) Make a donation to the FSF.
(4) Visit the FSF website and read some of our publicly available studies, recommendations, and educational materials.
(5) Take daily and personal steps to improve the safety culture in your organization. This can involve personal and organizational adoption of FSF recommendations for best practices, as well as sharing and educating colleagues and executive management teams regarding these recommendations.
I recognize that most people’s eyes glaze over when the topic of safety comes up. We’ve all done an excellent job of maintaining safe operations within our respective organizations, as evidenced by our industry’s admirable safety record. But complacency is seductive. It’s easy to congratulate ourselves on our record, even as we all can identify personal, organizational, industrial and regulatory practices that warrant improvement. It’s far better to address safety concerns continually and proactively, rather than in the wake of an incident or accident.
Teterboro and London Biggin Hill Now Sister Airports
Two well-established business aviation airports – one on either side of the Atlantic – recently announced a unique “sister airport” relationship, which both expect will be beneficial to their customers and communities.
New Jersey’s Teterboro Airport (TEB), and London’s Biggin Hill Airport (EGKB) last month signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) that “provides the platform for international cooperation and customer service,” according to a Biggin Hill Airport statement. The MOU encourages mutual assistance and participation by both parties, with a focus on communication, security and safety.
“This new sister agreement…will link two world cities, assist trade and innovation, and it will build on the experience learned at Teterboro that can be implemented in London,” said Andrew Walters, chairman of Biggin Hill Airport. The MOU is “just the beginning of the relationship,” according to Biggin Hill business development manager Robert Walters, who expects the agreement to help demonstrate to the London and British authorities what is being done in the greater New York region to promote business aviation access to the area.
Teterboro, which is owned by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, supports more than 15,500 jobs. Biggin Hill’s Robert Walters hopes that his airport, which features three FBOs and a wide variety of on-airport aviation services, can learn from and work with Teterboro to create an ever-higher standard of service, which could include the sharing of customers’ preferences and maximizing service opportunities. “In time, the ultimate outcome is we hope that NBAA Members and other business aircraft operators will see a London airport, supported by its government, that has the infrastructure that they would expect and is as good as they are used to in the U.S.,” he said.
At the signing of the MOU on Aug. 13, Ralph Tragale, the Port Authority’s assistant director of aviation, public affairs, said, “Through this partnership, we’ll work together to exchange ideas so that we can play an even greater role in our respective regions…create more jobs…[and] be better neighbors.”
NBAA, along with the European Business Aviation Association, previously recognized the growing importance of Biggin Hill Airport. In 2011, the two associations presented former Biggin Hill Airport Director Peter Lonergan with the prestigious European Business Aviation Award. The long-time airport director was credited for turning the facility – once scheduled for closure – into a thriving airport with a new runway, new hangars and a larger airport staff.
Learn more about London Biggin Hill Airport
Your GPWS is Talking…Are You Listening?
Although the investigation into UPS Flight 1354, the A300 which crashed just short of Birmingham, AL is far from complete, initial evidence indicates that it might have been a classic case of CFIT (Controlled Flight Into Terrain).
The crew had many factors working against them during that early-morning approach: The longer main runway, which contained the airport’s only ILS, was closed. It was dark. Low clouds and rain prevailed. They were flying a non-precision approach with no electronic vertical guidance to a possibly-unfamiliar runway that was surrounded by terrain.
The deck was clearly stacked against them.
Preliminary evidence indicates that the aircraft’s GPWS (Ground Proximity Warning System) alerted the crew to danger approximately 7 seconds before the initial impact. The crew’s actions during those last few seconds of flight have yet to be determined; however, since the Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) tapes suggested that the crew had the runway in sight, it is conceivable that confusion — and, perhaps, surprise — at the GPWS warning prevailed.
Close to the ground and descending on an approach is NOT the time to analyze the situation and try to second-guess your terrain avoidance equipment. Which is more likely — that the equipment is giving you a false warning, or that you are not where you think you are, and the system is trying desperately to convey that message to you? Human beings are notoriously more fallible than computers.
What are your SOPs when a GPWS warning is received? Do you waste precious seconds trying to determine what is happening while the ground rapidly approaches, or do you immediately execute the approved escape maneuver, so that you can get the airplane out of harm’s way and evaluate your prior actions at a safe altitude?
If non-precision approaches to unfamiliar runways aren’t part of your regular recurrent training program, ask your company or your simulator instructor to provide those scenarios for you. Review your SOPs during these sessions. Understand the capabilities and limitations of your avionics, and don’t be afraid to question your SOPs if they don’t make sense. For example, during a non-precision approach, what tools are available for vertical situational awareness? Do you set your ASEL to zero (or field elevation), or do you set it to the MDA? An ASEL that is set to field elevation could easily cause you to inadvertently descend below minimums, creating a CFIT hazard.
Review the Flight Safety Foundation’s CFIT Checklist to help learn and recognize the early-warning signs of CFIT hazards.
And the next time your GPWS sounds an alert, take immediate escape action, so you’ll be alive to think about it later.
Reduce Your Risk of Bird & Wildlife Strikes
Every 55 minutes, a bird strike occurs somewhere in U.S. airspace, resulting in at least $650 million in aircraft damage — and several fatalities — annually. US Airways Flight 1549′s ditching in the Hudson River in 2009, though resulting in no serious injuries, still underscored the potentially catastrophic outcome of wildlife strikes.
How can we avoid such an unfortunate in-flight rendezvous? Understanding the behavioral and flight patterns of our feathered friends is a good place to start. For example, most birds move about during dawn and dusk, typically the first and last 60 minutes of the day. They are also attracted to lakes, rivers, and landfills. Most bird strikes occur within 5 miles of an airport. Additionally, about 97% of bird strikes occur below 3,000 ft. AGL; and of those, 60% occur below 500 ft. AGL. So minimizing your flight’s exposure to these times and locations will help. And flying at slower speeds, rather than the maimum limit for the airspace, will reduce the energy (and damage potential) of a bird impact.
There are several other risk-mitigation tools and strategies at your disposal:
Aeronautical Information Manual, Chapter 7 Section 4
FAA Bird Avoidance Model
Air Force Bird Avoidance Model Avian Hazard Avoidance System (for real-time bird reports — useful before starting descents & approaches!)
FAA Wildlife Strike Database (for searching or reporting strikes)
You may also pick up one of Signature Flight Support’s new bird-strike collection kits, available at all of its FBOs. Why, one might ask, would you want to collect bird remains? Sending their remains to the Smithsonian Institution is an important step in gathering data about the incident, and this data may help one of your fellow aviators avoid another strike in the future.
Study: Too Many Pilots Continue Unstabilized Approaches
The crash of Asiana Flight 214 in San Francisco has brought attention to a disturbing and continuing trend with aircrews: failure to initiate a go-around at the first sign of an unstabilized approach.
On average, 96 percent of unstabilized approaches do not result in a go-around, according to preliminary findings from a go-around study being conducted by the Flight Safety Foundation’s international and European aviation committees. “Data and anecdotal information are showing there are increased exceedances in aircraft performance and rates of violation of air traffic control instructions,” the FSF noted. Foundation president and CEO Kevin Hiatt said the data indicates that flight crews often continue an unstabilized approach “because the pilot has enough confidence in the airplane or the situation.”
Using 2011 statistics, the FSF said data analysis shows that potentially 54 percent of all aircraft accidents that year could have been prevented by a go-around decision. “This is based on 65 percent of that year’s accidents being in the approach and landing [ALA] phase, and using our analysis that 83 percent of ALAs could be prevented by a go-around decision,” said FSF director of global programs Rodolfo Quevedo.
The Flight Safety Foundation has published an excellent Approach and Landing Accident Reduction (ALAR) Toolkit, available here.
Help Oppose Aviation User Fees
Recent government proposals are calling for a $100 per flight tax that would impose significant economic and administrative burdens on general aviation operators.
Operators currently pay through a more efficient per-gallon fuel surcharge. These existing fees do not require an additional bureaucratic level; are assigned fairly based on the operator’s use of the system; and provide incentives to decrease environmental impact, noise and congestion.
The National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) has published a comprehensive list of reasons to oppose preflight user fees. Please contact Congress and demand that these fees not be levied against general aviation.
FAA Expands Circling Approach Area
The FAA has increased the size of protected airspace used in establishing the minimum descent altitude (MDA) on circle-to-land approaches. On May 2, 2013, FAA began publishing instrument approach procedures that use the larger circling approach airspace dimensions. This new criteria affords pilots greater lateral obstacle clearance protection and increased maneuvering space to properly align and stabilize the final approach and landing out of a circling approach.
This change was made in response to long-standing industry complaints that the radii defining the circling approach area were too small to allow large, transport-category aircraft to properly maneuver and establish a stabilized approach.
Circling radii will now be based on the height of MDA above the airport, providing allowances for higher true airspeeds and possible adverse wind gradients at higher altitudes. Although the new circling areas are still smaller than those of PANS-OPS, they still represent a significant improvement in safety.
An white-on-black “inverse C” icon will be published in the Minimums section of approaches that utilize the new circling areas.
Pilots are reminded in this Safety Alert for Operators that aircraft are permanently certificated in only one approach category, based on Vref at maximum gross weight or 1.3 VSo at maximum gross weight. Pilots must determine if higher a approach category is necessary if faster approach speeds are used; however, the approach category can never be lowered.
Did you know?
Your membership dues enable TUG to finance the Teterboro ATIS landline. Plug the following telephone number into your mobile phone and you’ll always have the Teterboro ATIS at your finger tips: 201-288-1690.